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What is LASIK? (Laser Eye Surgery)

What is LASIK?
LASIK is a shortened form of laser treatment that is used to correct the imperfections of the eye that affects the distant or the adjacent, called refractive error. It has been used in the treatment of visual defects for over 15 years. It is still a very common treatment in almost every country in the world. It is estimated that almost 5 million eye patients have been treated with LASIK. LASIK is applied to 600.000 patients every year in the United States.


Which eye defects are used in this method?
LASIK can now be performed in all defects including myopia and hyperopia, including mixed astigmatism. As far as the eye structure allows, myopia can be corrected with LASIK up to kadar12.00. Myopic astigmatism, hypermetropic astigmatism and mixed astigmatism can be treated up to 6 numbers. Success in hypermetropia is less, and results in very good results in numbers up to 4, success in decreasing numbers is decreasing.


What are the advantages of pros compared to the classic operation?
LASIK is a form of treatment that is more advantageous than classical treatment that has been applied before. The treatment is very safe and it is well known how well the patient will recover. Treatment and recovery time is very fast. After 5-10 minutes of treatment, the patient starts to see immediately and has a very clear vision within 1-2 days. After the treatment for 1-2 hours very mild pain and stinging, there is no patient’s complaints except watering. LASIK applied eye is not closed. Only 1 week of drug treatment is enough. The monitoring time after treatment is also very short. One day after LASIK, the patient is called for control and if there is sufficient improvement, only one control cage comes.

Who does not apply to LASIK?
LASIK treatment is not a treatment for every patient. The patient’s eye is determined by a thorough test that lasts 1-2 hours. In addition to the detailed spectacle examination, the eye pressure is measured, the thickness and the map of the layer to be applied to the laser are determined and the nerve layer which we call the patient’s base of the eye is scanned in full detail. If the patient’s degree of glasses continues to increase, this is common in patients under the age of 18, and treatment is postponed until the degree stops. If suspicion or cataract initiation is detected in the eye pressure, the treatment is canceled. If the thickness of the eye is insufficient and there is irregularity in the transparent layer map, treatment is not performed. If any thinning or tears are found at the base of the eye, the treatment is postponed, and another laser called argon laser is welded to the nerve layer. LASIK is not performed in patients with severe diabetes, severe rheumatic disease and severe dry eyes. LASIK is not applied in patients with a forward curvature in the transparent layer we call keratoconus.


Is there any recurrence in LASIK treatment?
If the LASIK patient was treated very well before the treatment and the treatment was performed by a highly experienced surgeon and a very well-tuned laser device, the risk of recurrence was negligible. However, patients with very high corrections such as 10 degrees may sometimes return 1-2. If the transparent layer thickness and map are allowed in these patients, the treatment can be done 1-2 times more.


Is LASIK cheaper or more expensive?
Such a serious treatment is too cheap to be done in every aspect of the drawbacks. Increasing device costs, as well as cheaper treatment of the quality of the device with low-quality and well-made devices revealed the risk of treatment. Laser devices are very expensive, very perishable and very close to the settings of the device is required. In the near future treatment fees will find the place they deserve.


Is there a place for inheritance in eye defects?
Eye defects, which is the mother, father or children, if any, are also the possibility of occurrence in other people. The effect of heritability on hypermetropia, astigmatism, high myopia, strabismus and eye laziness is higher.


Advice for women to prevent congenital eye defects?

In the first 3 months of pregnancy, no medication should be taken except for iron and vitamin drugs.
You should not have contact with X-rays during pregnancy.

Pregnant women should stay away from dogs and cats. Parasitic diseases that can pass through these animals can make permanent defects in the baby’s eye.In addition, pregnant women who have had rubella should not be contacted. Infection with rubella can cause serious eye diseases in the baby.

It is imperative that pregnant people have a balanced food habit. Calorie, vitamin and mineral support should be well adjusted. Excessive unbalanced nutrition can lead to eye problems in infants.


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